What is mental illness richard j mcnally pdf

This article has multiple issues. Instead it regards hearing voices as a meaningful and understandable, although unusual, what is mental illness richard j mcnally pdf variation.

It therefore rejects the stigma and pathologisation of hearing voices and advocates human rights, social justice and support for people who hear voices that is empowering and recovery focused. The main tenet of the Hearing Voices Movement is the notion that hearing voices is a meaningful human experience. The Hearing Voices Movement regards itself and is regarded by others as being a post-psychiatric organisation. It positions itself outside of the mental health world in recognition that voices are an aspect of human difference, rather than a mental health problem. In themselves voices are not seen as the problem. Rather it is the relationship the person has with their voices that is regarded as the main issue. The Hearing Voices Movement has developed interventions for mental health practitioners to support people who hear voices and are overwhelmed by the experience.

Hearing voices is experienced by many people who do not have symptoms that would lead to diagnosis of mental illness. Hearing voices is often related to problems in life history. If hearing voices causes distress, the person who hears the voices can learn strategies to cope with the experience. Coping is often achieved by confronting the past problems that lie behind the experience. Not everyone who hears voices becomes a patient.

Over a third of 400 voice hearers in the Netherlands they studied had not had any contact with psychiatric services. People who cope well with their voices and those who did not, show clear differences in terms of the nature of the relationship they had with their voices. People who live well with their voice experience use different strategies to manage their voices than those voice hearers who are overwhelmed by them. Romme and colleagues found that the onset of voice hearing amongst a patient group was preceded by either a traumatic event or an event that activated the memory of an earlier trauma.

These findings are being substantiated further in on-going studies with voice hearing amongst children. The need to find meaning, arrive at some understanding and acceptance. The development of ways of coping and accommodating voices in everyday living. For example, some service users have reported negative experiences of mental health services because they are discouraged from talking about their voices as these are seen solely as symptoms of psychiatric illness. Leudar and Thomas review nearly 3,000 years of voice-hearing history. They argue that the Western World has moved the experience of hearing voices from a socially valued context to a pathologised and denigrated one.

England with the active support of Romme. Since then, networks have been established in 35 countries. It is supported by people who hear voices, relatives, friends and mental health professionals including therapists, social workers, nurses, psychiatrists and psychologists. Maastricht, Netherlands to consider how to organise internationally further research and work about the subject of voice hearing.

The meeting decided to create a formal organizational structure to provide administrative and coordinating support to the wide variety of initiatives in the different involved countries. The organisation is structured as a network and was incorporated in 2007 as a non-profit company and charity under UK law. It operates under the name of International Hearing Voices Projects Ltd. The president is Marius Romme and the governing body is made up of people who hear voices and mental health practitioners.