Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. While the appliance was originally used to wring water from wet laundry, today mangles are used to press or flatten sheets, tablecloths, kitchen towels, or clothing and other laundry. With the dominant hand on the handle and the use of washing machine house pdf hand on the mangle, the user presses on the roll while it is pushed back and forth. Some northern European countries used a table version for centuries, the device consisting of the rolling pin, a wood cylinder around which the damp cloth was wrapped, and the mangle board, a curved or flat length of wood which was used to roll and flatten the cloth.
In the second half of the 19th century, commercial laundries began using steam-powered mangles or ironers. Gradually, the electric washing machine’s spin cycle rendered this use of a mangle obsolete, and with it the need to wring out water from clothes mechanically. Middle-class households and independent washerwomen used upright mangles for wringing water out of laundry, and in the later 19th century they were more widely used than early washing machines. The Steel Roll Mangle Co. 108 Franklin Street, Chicago, Illinois offered a gas heated home mangle for pressing linens in 1902. In the 1930s electric mangles were developed and are still a feature of many laundry rooms. They consist of a rotating padded drum which revolves against a heating element which can be stationary, or can also be a rotating drum.
Laundry is fed into the turning mangle and emerges flat and pressed on the other side. There were many electric rotary ironers on the American market including Solent, Thor, Ironrite and Apex. By the 1940s the list had grown to include Bendix, General Electric, Kenmore and Maytag. By the 1950s home ironers or mangles as they came to be called were becoming popular time savers for the homemaker. A hand-cranked mangle appeared on top after 1843 when John E.
Clothes Washer With Wringer Rolls. An electric mangle is a chest-high, rectangular cabinet with an opening in the front. From the opening, a long sheet of cloth nearly as wide as the machine spills out into a tray below. Controls at the right of the front face of the machine operate a light which illuminates the opening, and the feed of the cloth in and out of the mangle. Small domestic pressing mangles may be more common in some countries than in others. They are typically not sold in North American home appliance stores or departments. In contrast to their use in homes, mangles have become an essential feature of commercial or large-scale laundries.
A significant benefit of mangling is reduced dust. When washing, the ends of the surface fibers tend to loosen and stick out when dried. The clothes are then much more sensitive to trap dust, dirt and grease, and to shed off fibers. Mangling presses the fiber ends back onto the fiber, so that the clothes remain clean longer. This can reduce dust as much as 10-60 times. Mangles are most often used for bed sheets, tablecloths and towels, which would be time-consuming to iron by hand. This page was last edited on 21 October 2017, at 05:48.
This article is about an economic, social, or socioeconomic grouping. This article has multiple issues. A single dwelling will be considered to contain multiple households if either meals or living space are not shared. 1980, these terms were officially dropped from the census and replaced with “householder”. A household includes all the persons who occupy a housing unit.
Separate living quarters are those in which the occupants live and eat separately from any other persons in the building and which have direct access from the outside of the building or through a common hall. The occupants may be a single family, one person living alone, two or more families living together, or any other group of related or unrelated persons who share living arrangements. People not living in households are classified as living in group quarters. July 15, 1998, “a household is generally defined as being composed of a person or group of persons who co-reside in, or occupy, a dwelling. Many households now include multiple income-earning members.