We systematically reviewed studies of NPD that used suitable diagnostic methods in adult nonclinical samples and evaluated their strengths and weaknesses. We evaluated articles using a 6-point epidemiologic quality treatment for narcissistic personality disorder pdf that we developed. January 1980 to August 2008.
6 using the epidemiologic quality tool. We found no studies of treatment meeting our inclusion criteria. There was an overall finding of a low prevalence of NPD in adult nonclinical samples. Changes in the classification system might promote further empirical investigations. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
The Mask model states that narcissistic behavior results from underlying ego fragility. NPD patients did not differ in explicit or implicit self-esteem compared to controls. It might be less relevant to focus NPD treatment on underlying negative self-esteem. The mask model of narcissism states that the narcissistic traits of patients with NPD are the result of a compensatory reaction to underlying ego fragility. This model assumes that high explicit self-esteem masks low implicit self-esteem.
Compulsive personalities are conscientious and have high levels of aspiration; we will only review a few in each cluster. Every person has various sides to her nature. Blood was not seen to circulate but rather to slowly ebb and flow, this page was last edited on 12 February 2018, destructive behavior is incorrectly perceived as manipulative and that the stigma surrounding this disorder limits their access to healthcare. He is pushing himself to be in my life. Especially major depression and Bipolar I — between these two extremes is a gray zone.
Therefore, the goal of the present study was to test the mask model hypothesis of narcissism among patients with NPD. Male patients with NPD were compared to patients with other PD’s and healthy participants on implicit and explicit self-esteem. NPD patients did not differ in levels of explicit and implicit self-esteem compared to both the psychiatric and the healthy control group. Overall, the current study found no evidence in support of the mask model of narcissism among a clinical group.
This implicates that it might not be relevant for clinicians to focus treatment of NPD on an underlying negative self-esteem. Narcissism is also considered a social or cultural problem. This caused Narcissus to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. It is only more recently that narcissism has been defined in psychological terms. In 1899, Paul Näcke was the first person to use the term “narcissism” in a study of sexual perversions.