The constitution of meaning in human experience was his main interest and he wrote on perception, art, and politics. At the core of Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy is a sustained argument for the foundational role perception plays in understanding the world as well as engaging with the world. Like the other major merleau-ponty structure and painting pdf, Merleau-Ponty expressed his philosophical insights in writings on art, literature, linguistics, and politics.
Merleau-Ponty emphasized the body as the primary site of knowing the world, a corrective to the long philosophical tradition of placing consciousness as the source of knowledge, and maintained that the body and that which it perceived could not be disentangled from each other. His father died in 1913 when Merleau-Ponty was five years old. Paris Lectures” in February 1929. 1952 until his death in 1961, making him the youngest person to have been elected to a Chair. October 1945 until December 1952.
This distinction is especially important in that Merleau-Ponty perceives the essences of the world existentially. The world and the sense of self are emergent phenomena in an ongoing “becoming. The thing transcends our view, but is manifest precisely by presenting itself to a range of possible views. The object of perception is immanently tied to its background—to the nexus of meaningful relations among objects within the world. Each object is a “mirror of all others. Only after we have been integrated within the environment so as to perceive objects as such can we turn our attention toward particular objects within the landscape so as to define them more clearly. Because our bodily involvement with things is always provisional and indeterminate, we encounter meaningful things in a unified though ever open-ended world.
This primordial openness is at the heart of his thesis of the primacy of perception. Thus, the correlation between noesis and noema becomes the first step in the constitution of analyses of consciousness. It appears rather at a higher level of analysis. Thus, Merleau-Ponty does not postulate that “all consciousness is consciousness of something”, which supposes at the outset a noetic-noematic ground. Instead, he develops the thesis according to which “all consciousness is perceptual consciousness”. In doing so, he establishes a significant turn in the development of phenomenology, indicating that its conceptualisations should be re-examined in the light of the primacy of perception, in weighing up the philosophical consequences of this thesis. The primacy of perception signifies a primacy of experience, so to speak, insofar as perception becomes an active and constitutive dimension.