China its history and culture 4th edition pdf

India form a barrier between Tibet and China its history and culture 4th edition pdf. Tibet is nicknamed “the roof of the world” or “the land of snows”. Tibet at the time India was first inhabited, half a million years ago.

Tibetan Plateau at least twenty-one thousand years ago. However, there is a “partial genetic continuity between the Paleolithic inhabitants and the contemporary Tibetan populations”. Megalithic monuments dot the Tibetan Plateau and may have been used in ancestor worship. Tibetan Plateau but the remote high altitude location makes archaeological research difficult. He was assassinated and Zhang Zhung continued its dominance of the region until it was annexed by Songtsen Gampo in the 7th century.

Liang Kin, at the price of some fierce fighting, held them off. Similar incursions were repelled in AD 168-169 by the Chinese general Duan Gong. The pre-Imperial Yarlung Dynasty rulers are more mythological than factual, and there is insufficient evidence of their definitive existence. Nyatri Tsenpo is considered by traditional histories to have been the first king of the Yarlung Dynasty, named after the river valley where it’s capital city was located, circa fifty-five miles south-east from present-day Lhasa. Some Tibetan texts give 126 BC, others 414 BC.

Nyatri Tsenpo is said to have descended from a one-footed creature called the Theurang, having webbed fingers and a tongue so large it could cover his face. There he was greeted as a fearsome being, and he became king. Thereafter Drigum Tsenpo and subsequent kings left corpses and the Bön conducted funerary rites. 32nd King of Tibet of the Yarlung Dynasty, gained control of all the area around what is now Lhasa by 630, and conquered Zhangzhung.

With this extend of power the Yarlung kingdom turned into the Tibetan Empire. The government of Namri Songtsen sent two embassies to China in 608 and 609, marking the appearance of Tibet on the international scene. China in the early 7th century. Traditional Tibetan history preserves a lengthy list of rulers whose exploits become subject to external verification in the Chinese histories by the 7th century.